International

General elections: Who can save Italy ?

The leader of the Italian center left Democratic Party (PD) Pier Luigi Bersani during an electoral rally with Democratic Party (PD) and Florence's mayor Matteo Renzi on Feb. 1, 2013 in Florence.     Photographer: Andreas Solaro/AFP via Getty Images

The leader of the Italian center left Democratic Party (PD) Pier Luigi Bersani during an electoral rally with Democratic Party (PD) and Florence’s mayor Matteo Renzi on Feb. 1, 2013 in Florence. Getty Images

Italy finished its general election on 26th eve, with central-left leader Pier Luigi Bersani guaranteeing a slightly higher percentage of votes and the rule over the Lower House.

The outcome is much less than previous predictions lead to expect. The final-figure shows that both central-left and central-right achieved a very tight margin between the final results. Although Pier Luigi Bersani from central-left got higher votes than Silvio Berlusconi’s centre-right, he can only control the lower house and not the whole senate.

The former premier Mario Monti from central-left had been making reforms most of his mandate to tackle on the debt crisis. His fiscal restraint policy didn’t satisfy people but experts are convinced that this is the right path for Italy and Euro zone. Berlusconi is the largest opponent of this policy.

Vito Polito, an Italian economic professor in Cardiff University said: “No government can rule the country without controlling the senate. Bersani didn’t get any vote majority. This outcome really made the other European countries worrying and shacked the markets. All Europe hopes a stable government for Italy which is still not possible now.”

Italy faces the deeply rooted problems of economic recession and unstable politics. In the past week, Berlusconi tried to remind Italian people that premier Monti and German premier Angela Merkel have already made the deal with Bersani to become the next premier.

“No matter who win the election at last, the new government won’t have enough power to keep on the reform. The recession of the European third largest economy may keep on. But if Berlusconi takes over the country, in short-term the situation may improve but finally, it could be a disaster for Italy.” He said.

Many German public figures have pointed out that Italy shouldn’t choose Berlusconi as the next leader. Italy cannot afford any failure in the reorganizing of new government at this moment. The new government has to keep on the previous reform and lead Italy to get out of the economic recession situation.

Paola Di Bella, an Italian student in Cardiff commented: “We have elections every five years, but this time the challenge is really serious. The government should cut the expenses of the politicians, tackle corruption and invest on Public health, schools and universities. Italy plays an important role for the whole Europe in the way out of European debt crisis.”

Nicholas Lee

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